الرئيسية / العدد التاسع عشر / السرياليون .. وعيّ اللاوعيّ

السرياليون .. وعيّ اللاوعيّ

Beautiful-Surreal-Photo-Manipulations-15

أحمد يوسف :

للتواصل مع صفحة الكاتب على الفيسبوك الرجاء إضغط هنا

قال الفنان الكبير سلڤادور دالّي _ أحد أعلام المدرسة السريالية _ مرةً : ( هناك فرق وحيد بيني و بين رجل مجنون ، هو أني لستُ مجنوناً ) ، و بكلامه هذا أراد دالّي أن يبسّط مفهوم الفلسفة السريالية ، غيرِ مُنتبه أنه في نفس الوقت قد بسّط العلّة الكبرى في السريالية ، و التي أدّت لتقزمها و إضمحلالها في منتصف القرن الماضي بعد أقلّ من نصف قرن من ظهورها ..

      فالسريالية حسب التعريف : هي مذهب حديث في الفنّ و الأدب ، يهدف إلى التعبير عن العقل الباطن بصورة يعوزها النظام و المنطق ، “فهي آلية أو تلقائية نفسية خالصة ، من خلالها يمكن التعبير عن واقع إشتغال الفكر شفوياً أو كتابياً أو بأي طريقة أخرى ”  .. فتعمد إلى تفكيك الواقع لجزيئات ، ثم إعادة بناء تلك الجزيئات من واقع اللاواقع … كانت نشأتها في فرنسا ، خلفاً _ أو على أنقاض _ الدّادائية .. و إعتمد السرياليون في فلسفتهم على نظريات التحليل النفسي لفرويد ، خاصّة فيما يتعلّق باللاشعور و تفسير الأحلام و التداعي الحُرّ ..

      إذن فالعمود الفقري للحركة السريالية هو تلقائية اللاوعي ، بمعنى فتح صمامات العقل الباطن لتنساب الأفكار الخام عفويّة متوحشة دون رقابة و تنظيم من نشاطات الأنا .. و هذا ما قصَده دالّي حينما شبّه نفسه بالرجل المجنون .. و لكن في ذلك عِلّة كبيرة ، كان أول من تنبه لها هو فرويد نَفْسُه ، و الذي قال بأن ما لَفَت نظره في أعمال السرياليين هو وعيهم و ليس لاوعيهم ! فأنت لن تكون مجنوناً يا دالّي ما دُمت واعياً ، و لن تُقدّم أعمالاً لا واعية ما دمت لست بمجنون .. فالسرياليون خدعوا أنفسهم حينما ظنّوا أن الأعمال _العظيمة بلا شكّ_ التي قدّموها هي أعمال لاواعية ، لأن اللاوعي لا يمكنه التعبير عن نفسه بتلقائية ولا حتى في الأحلام ، و إنما يفعل ذلك بحيل ملتويّة تحت رقابة شديدة من الأنا ..

      و لكن هذا لا يُقلل من قيمة الأعمال الفنيّة السريالية بقدر ما أنه ينسف أصول الفلسفة السريالية ، و بهذا النخر في العظم تبيّن عدم أصالة فِكرة السرياليّة من الأساس ، مما جعلها تزوي و يخفت بريقها سريعاً ، مثل كل الحركات و الثورات الفنيّة و الأدبية التي تستمد بريقها و زخمها من الظروف المواتية و ليس من أصالة الفِكرة ذاتها .. فالسريالية جاءت بعد الحرب العالمية الأولى كحركة ثوريّة رافضة .. أو كثقافة مُضادة .. في وقتٍ لشدّ ما إحتاج فيه الناس إلى من يخبرهم أن بإمكانهم الكُفران بالقوالب الأدبية ، و بالنزعة الفنيّة البرجوازيّة .. و لهذا إنسجمت السريالية مع الشيوعية و الأناركيّة خير إنسجام ، و مثّلت دورها الثوريّ خير تمثيل ، بإصدارها للبيان السريالي الأول عام 1924 ، ثم مجلّة الثورة السريالية ، و الكثير من الإجتماعات السريّة ..

    و لكن رُغم كُل شئ ، لا أظنّ أن أحداً قادر على إنكار سِحر السريالية .. ذلك المعنى العميق البعيد الذي تُحسّه يختبئ خلف لوحاتهم ، أو الألحان التي لا تنتمي إلى “هُنا” بتلك النغمات الشاذة المُبهمة في موسيقاهم .. فالسرياليون يعرفوننا بالغريب ، و نحن بطبعنا نعشق كل غريب .. بالإضافة إلى أن لا أحد يستطيع أن يُنكر دور السريالية في ظهور المدرسة العبثيّة في الأدب ، ثم ظهور الفلسفة الوجودية بعد ذلك.

عن جيل جديد

mm
فريق عمل المجلة

42 تعليقات

  1. Great post however I was wondering if you could write a litte more on this subject? I’d be very thankful if you could elaborate a little bit more. Cheers!

  2. Nice blog right here! Additionally your web site so much up very fast!
    What web host are you the use of? Can I am getting your associate link in your host?
    I want my site loaded up as fast as yours lol

  3. Oh my goodness! Awesome article dude! Thank you so much, However I am going through issues with your
    RSS. I don’t know the reason why I can’t subscribe to it.
    Is there anybody having identical RSS issues?

    Anybody who knows the solution will you kindly respond?
    Thanks!!

  4. Hello! I know this is kind of off topic but I was wondering which blog platform are you using for this website?
    I’m getting sick and tired of WordPress because I’ve had issues with hackers and I’m
    looking at alternatives for another platform. I would be
    awesome if you could point me in the direction of
    a good platform.

  5. I was curious if you ever thought of changing the layout of your blog?

    Its very well written; I love what youve got to say. But maybe you could a little more in the way of content
    so people could connect with it better. Youve got an awful lot of text for only having 1 or two pictures.

    Maybe you could space it out better?

  6. Wow that was odd. I just wrote an very long comment but after I clicked submit my comment didn’t appear.
    Grrrr… well I’m not writing all that over again. Anyhow, just wanted to say great blog!

  7. Having read this I thought it was rather informative.
    I appreciate you spending some time and effort to put this short
    article together. I once again find myself personally spending way too much time
    both reading and leaving comments. But so what,
    it was still worth it!

  8. It’s a pity you don’t have a donate button! I’d without a doubt donate to this brilliant blog!
    I suppose for now i’ll settle for bookmarking and adding your RSS feed to my Google
    account. I look forward to new updates and will talk
    about this blog with my Facebook group. Talk soon!

  9. Nice post. I was checking constantly this blog and I am impressed!
    Very helpful information particularly the last part :
    ) I care for such information a lot. I was looking for this
    certain info for a long time. Thank you and good luck.

  10. Having read this I believed it was really enlightening.
    I appreciate you taking the time and energy to put this informative
    article together. I once again find myself spending a lot
    of time both reading and leaving comments. But so what, it was still worthwhile!

  11. Hi there to every single one, it’s really a good for me to pay a visit this web page, it contains
    helpful Information.

  12. I’m not sure why but this site is loading extremely slow for me.
    Is anyone else having this issue or is it a problem on my end?
    I’ll check back later on and see if the problem still exists.

  13. What’s up Dear, are you in fact visiting this site on a regular basis, if so
    afterward you will absolutely get fastidious knowledge.

  14. Right here is the right website for anyone who wishes to
    understand this topic. You understand so much its almost hard to argue with you (not that I actually will need to…HaHa).
    You certainly put a fresh spin on a subject that has been discussed for many years.
    Great stuff, just excellent!

  15. Hello my loved one! I want to say that this post is awesome, great written and come with approximately
    all vital infos. I would like to look extra posts like this .

  16. Asking questions are truly nice thing if you are not understanding anything fully, except this article offers fastidious understanding yet.

  17. Admiring the time and effort you put into your blog and
    in depth information you present. It’s great to come across
    a blog every once in a while that isn’t the same outdated rehashed material.
    Wonderful read! I’ve bookmarked your site and I’m adding your
    RSS feeds to my Google account.

  18. Asking questions are truly good thing if you are not understanding anything fully, however this article offers good understanding yet.

  19. Fine way of describing, and fastidious paragraph to get data about my presentation subject,
    which i am going to convey in college.

  20. If you wish for to get much from this paragraph then you have to apply such methods to your won blog.

  21. Hi there, I found your site by means of Google whilst searching for a related matter, your web site came up, it seems great.
    I’ve bookmarked it in my google bookmarks.

    Hi there, simply turned into alert to your blog via Google, and located that it
    is truly informative. I’m gonna be careful for brussels. I will
    appreciate in case you continue this in future. Many people might be benefited
    from your writing. Cheers!

  22. I enjoy what you guys are usually up too. This kind of clever
    work and coverage! Keep up the terrific works guys I’ve
    you guys to our blogroll.

  23. I like the helpful information you provide on your articles.
    I will bookmark your weblog and test once more here regularly.

    I am moderately sure I will be informed many new stuff right here!
    Best of luck for the following!

  24. You actually make it appear really easy along with your presentation however
    I find this topic to be actually something that I think I
    might by no means understand. It sort of feels too complex and
    extremely extensive for me. I’m looking forward for your next publish,
    I’ll attempt to get the hang of it!

  25. Hmm it seems like your blog ate my first comment (it was extremely long)
    so I guess I’ll just sum it up what I had written and say, I’m thoroughly enjoying your blog.
    I as well am an aspiring blog blogger but I’m still new to
    everything. Do you have any points for newbie blog
    writers? I’d certainly appreciate it.

  26. great publish, very informative. I’m wondering why the other experts
    of this sector do not realize this. You should proceed your writing.
    I am confident, you’ve a great readers’ base already!

  27. I was able to find good information from your blog posts.

  28. Thanks for your marvelous posting! I quite enjoyed reading it, you will be a great
    author. I will ensure that I bookmark your blog
    and definitely will come back down the road. I want to encourage
    you to continue your great work, have a nice day!

  29. Generally I do not read article on blogs, but I would like to say that this write-up very forced me
    to try and do so! Your writing taste has been amazed me.

    Thanks, quite great post.

  30. Pretty nice post. I just stumbled upon your weblog and wished to say that I have truly enjoyed browsing your blog posts.
    After all I’ll be subscribing to your feed and I hope you
    write again very soon!

  31. I’m extremely pleased to find this page. I need to to thank you for ones time just for this wonderful read!!
    I definitely enjoyed every part of it and i also have you bookmarked to
    look at new information on your site.

  32. Hi! Do you know if they make any plugins
    to safeguard against hackers? I’m kinda paranoid about losing everything
    I’ve worked hard on. Any recommendations?

  33. I was recommended this web site by my cousin. I’m not sure whether this post is written by him as
    no one else know such detailed about my trouble.
    You’re amazing! Thanks!

  34. Hi! This is my first visit to your blog! We are a collection of
    volunteers and starting a new project in a community
    in the same niche. Your blog provided us beneficial information to work on. You have done a marvellous job!

  35. First of all I would like to say excellent blog!

    I had a quick question which I’d like to ask if you do not mind.
    I was curious to find out how you center yourself and clear your thoughts
    prior to writing. I have had a tough time clearing my mind in getting my thoughts out
    there. I do enjoy writing however it just seems like
    the first 10 to 15 minutes are wasted simply just trying to figure out how to begin. Any suggestions or tips?
    Thanks!

  36. Thanks for the good writeup. It in reality used to be a leisure account it.
    Look advanced to far added agreeable from you! By the way,
    how could we be in contact?

  37. Good information. Lucky me I found your blog by accident (stumbleupon).
    I have bookmarked it for later!

  38. An outstanding share! I’ve just forwarded this onto a coworker who was
    conducting a little research on this. And he in fact bought me lunch due to the
    fact that I found it for him… lol. So let me reword this….
    Thank YOU for the meal!! But yeah, thanks for
    spending some time to discuss this issue here on your internet site.

  39. Hi there, I log on to your new stuff on a regular basis.
    Your writing style is awesome, keep it up!

  40. Fantastic beat ! I would like to apprentice while you amend your website, how could i
    subscribe for a blog website? The account helped me a
    acceptable deal. I had been a little bit acquainted of this your broadcast offered bright clear idea

أضف تعليقاً